BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS


BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS
BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS (late 12th–early 13th century), German tosafist. Although Baruch lived in Worms, he probably came from France and is sometimes referred to as Ha-Zarefati ("the Frenchman"). Baruch was a pupil of isaac b. samuel the Elder of Dampierre, and after his teacher's death, spent a considerable amount of time in France with Judah of Paris. Baruch immigrated to Ereẓ Israel (1237?). It seems certain that he is not to be identified with baruch b. isaac of regensburg . He is renowned as the author of Sefer ha-Terumah (written shortly before 1202; first published Venice, 1523), which comprises a summary of the established halakhot on several subjects, including the laws pertaining to Ereẓ Israel, combined and arranged according to the chapters of the relevant tractates of the Talmud. The whole work reflects the teachings of Isaac b. Samuel. In it Baruch mentions samuel b. meir (Rashbam) and isaac b. meir , as well as statements of Rabbi jacob tam and his pupils; however, very few German scholars are referred to. By virtue of its wealth of material and its terse, easy style, well adapted to its purpose of leading, through discussion, to the practical halakhah, the book spread through France, Germany, Italy, and Spain, and was widely quoted by many later authorities among them, eliezer of worms , Isaac b. Moses Or Zarua, moses b. jacob of coucy , zedekiah anav , aaron b. jacob of Lunel, and Naḥmanides . Entire halakhic passages from the work were inserted by copyists into the Maḥzor Vitry . Numerous manuscripts of Sefer ha-Terumah and some manuscripts of an anonymous abridgment are extant. Baruch also wrote tosafot to several tractates of the Talmud, but only those on Zevaḥim have been preserved and they are printed in the standard editions of the Talmud. A. Epstein held that the anonymous commentary on Tamid attributed to Abraham b. David (Prague, 1725) should be ascribed to Baruch, but – despite a measure of similarity between the commentary and a number of quotations in Baruch's name which are known – this is unlikely. E.E. Urbach has maintained that the commentary on the Sifra ascribed to Abraham b. David was written by Baruch, but this too is uncertain. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Epstein, Das talmudische Lexikon "Yiḥusei Tanna'im ve-Amora'im" (1895); Urbach, Tosafot, 263, 286–99, 511–2; V. Aptowitzer, Mavo le-Sefer Ravyah (1938), 327–8. (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF REGENSBURG — (second half of 12th century), talmudic scholar. He was a member of the bet din of Regensburg, together with isaac b. jacob ha lavan of prague , Abraham ben Moses of Regensburg, and Judah he Ḥasid b. Samuel (Sefer Ḥasidim, ed. by J. Wistinetzki… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baruch ben Isaac — (fl.1200) was a Tosafist and codifier who was born at Worms, but lived at Regensburg; he is sometimes called after the one and sometimes after the other city. A pupil of the great Tosafist Isaac ben Samuel of Dampierre, Baruch wrote Tosafot to… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac ben Samuel — the Elder of Dampierre (Hebrew: יצחק הזקן בן שמואל) , known as the or Ri (ר י הזקן) was a French tosafist and Biblical commentator. He flourished at Ramerupt and Dampierre in the twelfth century. Biography On his father s side Isaac was a… …   Wikipedia

  • ISAAC BEN SAMUEL OF DAMPIERRE — (usually referred to by the initial letters of his name as Ri (initials of R abbi I saac) or Ri the Elder, or Ri of Dampierre, d. c. 1185), one of the most important of the tosafists and leading authority of Franco German Jewry in the second half …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ben — /ben/, n. a male given name, form of Benjamin. * * * (as used in expressions) Akiba ben Joseph Alfasi Isaac ben Jacob Alkalai Judah ben Solomon Hai Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Israel ben Eliezer Ben Ali Zine el Abidine Ben Bella Ahmed Ben… …   Universalium

  • ben — ben1 /ben/, Scot. n. 1. the inner or back room of a two room cottage, esp. when used as a combined parlor and bedroom. adv., prep. 2. within; inside. adj. 3. inside; inner. [1400 50; late ME (Scots); as adv., unexplained var. of late ME bin, ME… …   Universalium

  • ben — ► sustantivo masculino BOTÁNICA Árbol o moringáceo, con tronco recto, flores blancas y cuyo fruto da por presión un aceite que no se enrancia y que se emplea en relojería y perfumería. (Moringa oleifera.) * * * ben1 (pl. «beni») Palabra árabe,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MOSES BEN JACOB OF COUCY — (13th century), French scholar and tosafist. His father Jacob is mentioned a number of times in the printed tosafot (Kid. 43b; et al.). Moses was the maternal grandson of the tosafist Ḥayyim ha Kohen and brother in law of samson of coucy . His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON OF FALAISE — (Sir Morel; 13th century), tosafist. All that is known of Samuel s father is that he was a scholar, as was his father in law Abraham b. Ḥayyim ha Kohen, possibly the son of the tosafist Ḥayyim ha Kohen . His teachers included judah Sir Leon,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah ben Samuel — died 1217 Jewish mystic and scholar. He was a member of the Kalonymos family, which provided medieval Germany with many Jewish mystics and spiritual leaders. Around 1195 he settled in Regensburg, where he founded a yeshiva and gathered disciples… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.